Benefits of Indoor Farming Nowadays, indoor farming is being adopted by most people as they practice vertical farming techniques. A constant increase in population poses problems such as food scarcity which can be solved simply by practicing vertical or indoor farming. One of the main techniques used in this kind of farming is hydroponics. Indoor farming doesn’t use soil but uses a medium that provides plants with sufficient minerals for feeding and watering the plants. Light for photosynthesis for plants grown through indoor farming is usually provided through artificial lighting. One major benefit of this technique is that crops that are grown can be harvested throughout the year as they are grown indoors. Growing crops through vertical farming is very beneficial as these crops are usually safe from environmental factors or effects such as flooding or drought. Indoor farming techniques also allows crops to grow in a tent without any pests to damage them. This way, post-harvest spoilage of crops is minimized. The crops here are not exposed to any pests hence one doesn’t need to use chemicals such as pesticides. Vertical farming is carried out in used warehouses, shipping containers or skyscrapers. Vertical farming involved practices such as fertigation, controlled lighting as well as environmental control. The techniques used in indoor or vertical farming are pretty similar to those applied in greenhouses especially with artificial lighting. With vertical farming, one can be able to enjoy reliable harvests all-round the year. Reliable and consistent farming techniques are usually used in vertical farming which is very beneficial as this way, commercial growers can stick to supply contracts and delivery schedules. There are no seasonal crops in this farming technique as well as crop losses. There are no crop losses as environmental factors such as diseases and pests are eliminated. Unlike greenhouses, vertical farm systems produce nearly ten times more growing area for crops. Due to this reason, cost-effective farming installations are used in under-utilized environments such as warehouses, industrial estates and other environments.
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Vertical farming provides many crop rotations as compared to regular farms and other farming practices. Since factors such as humidity, temperature and light are controlled, crop cycles tend to be faster. Basil, kale, spinach, lettuce, endives among others are types of crops that can be produced through vertical farming. Advanced technology methods are integrated into this farming technique in order to control the amount of air, water and nutrition for plants. Optimum conditions that are required for growth of crops and their maturity are thus provided.
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There are minimum overhead costs that are incurred as this farming technique utilizes LED technology that uses minimum power to ensure maximum plant growth. The only time manual labor is required is during harvesting, packaging of crops as well as planting hence minimal labor is utilized in vertical farming.